Semantic segmentation

Semantic segmentation
self-driving vision, object identification

Semantic segmentation is a computer vision task that involves partitioning an image into multiple segments, where each segment corresponds to a specific class or category. Unlike object detection, which provides bounding boxes around objects, or image classification, which assigns a single label to the entire image, semantic segmentation aims to label each pixel in the image with a category label.

Semantic segmentation typically employs deep learning techniques, particularly convolutional neural networks (CNNs), to perform the task. The general steps are as follows:

  1. Input Image: A digital image is fed into the network as input.
  2. Feature Extraction: Convolutional layers extract features from the image.
  3. Pixel Classification: Fully connected layers or specialized layers like 1x1 convolutions are used to classify each pixel.
  4. Output Image: The output is an image where each pixel is labeled with a category.

Semantic segmentation has a wide range of applications, including:

Semantic segmentation is a powerful tool in computer vision, offering detailed scene understanding that is valuable in various applications. However, it comes with its own set of challenges and limitations that need to be considered for effective implementation.