# Turing Award

The Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to individuals who have made substantial contributions of lasting importance to computing. Often referred to as the "Nobel Prize of Computing," the award is named after the British mathematician and logician Alan Turing, who is considered one of the fathers of computer science.

The Turing Award was established in 1966 by the ACM. The initial prize money was only $1,000, funded by the ACM.

Over the years, the prestige of the Turing Award has grown significantly. As of 2020, the prize money has increased to $1 million, sponsored by Google.

The Turing Award is given to individuals for contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computing community." The contributions can be theoretical, practical, or a combination of both.

Notable Recipients:

- Donald Knuth - For his work on algorithms and typesetting in the development of TeX.
- John McCarthy - For his work in Artificial Intelligence.
- Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn - For their work on TCP/IP protocols.
- Jeffrey Ullman and Alfred Aho - For their contributions to algorithms and programming languages.

The Turing Award is considered the highest honor in the field of computer science. It has been instrumental in recognizing and promoting excellence in the field, and many recipients have gone on to make further significant contributions to computing.

References:

- ACM Turing Award. "ACM Turing Award Laureates". Association for Computing Machinery.
- "The Turing Award Prize Raised to $1 Million". ACM Press Release, November 13, 2014.