Feedsee Storage : Storage Security : Protecting stored data an enterprise priority
In 2007, a study by the Taneja Group revealed storage security as a top-five spending priority among new enterprise security initiatives. Over a hundred large enterprises in financial services, healthcare, and government were examined. Of the respondents, sixty-eight percent rated storage security a top five concern, with nearly thirty percent rating it as a number one priority. In addition, global key management was a concern, with fifty-four percent of users surveyed considering deploying a global key management system in the next twelve months. The survey revealed the forces driving their purchasing and deployment decisions around storage security, how storage security ranked in importance compared to other IT initiatives, and how end users planned to evolve their storage security infrastructure to meet the new realities imposed by compliance and data privacy regulations.
Key components of storage security
Storage security involves protecting stored data from unauthorized access, corruption, or loss. Here are some of the key components:
- Access Control: The access to storage resources should be strictly controlled and monitored. Users should only have access to the data they need for their role. This can be accomplished through role-based access control (RBAC), user permissions, and authorization mechanisms.
- Data Encryption: Data, both at rest and in transit, should be encrypted to prevent unauthorized access. Encryption converts readable data into a coded form, so if it's intercepted or accessed without authorization, it cannot be understood.
- Data Backup and Replication: Regular backups should be made of all data, and ideally, these backups should be stored in multiple locations. Replication involves the sharing of information to ensure consistency between redundant resources, such as software or hardware components, to improve reliability, fault-tolerance, or accessibility.
- Secure Protocols: Use of secure protocols (like HTTPS, SFTP, or IPSec) for data transmission to protect data in transit.
- Firewalls and Antivirus Software: These help protect storage devices from malware, ransomware, and other cyber threats that could compromise data.
- Physical Security: Physical access to storage devices should be strictly controlled. This might include secure data centers, locked server rooms, and other physical security measures.
- Data Lifecycle Management: This involves managing data securely from creation to deletion. It includes knowing when data should be classified, archived, or securely deleted.
- Regular Audits: Regular audits help to ensure that all security measures are working as intended and that no unauthorized access has occurred.
- Security Updates and Patch Management: Keeping all systems updated and patched is crucial to close off vulnerabilities that could be exploited.
- Employee Training: Employees should be trained on security best practices to avoid accidental breaches, such as falling for phishing scams or failing to follow password policies.
Implementing all these components helps build a robust and multi-layered storage security strategy that can protect against various types of threats.