Internet : Net
The history of the Internet is marked by notable developments and significant milestones that have shaped the way we communicate and access information today. Here are some key highlights:
- 1960s: ARPANET and Packet Switching: The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet-switching network and the first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite. Both technologies became the technical foundation of the Internet. The ARPANET was initially funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the United States Department of Defense.
- 1972: Email: Ray Tomlinson sends the first network email in 1972. He also introduces the use of the '@' symbol to separate the user from the host.
- 1983: DNS and Transition to TCP/IP: The Domain Name System (DNS) was established in 1983 to help users to access the Internet more easily. This is also the year the Internet officially transitioned to the TCP/IP protocol, which allows for data transmission between multiple networks.
- 1990: World Wide Web: Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, invents the World Wide Web. The first web page is put online in 1991.
- 1993: Mosaic Web Browser: Mosaic, the first graphical web browser, is released, which helps to popularize the World Wide Web. It was later commercialized as Netscape Navigator.
- 1998: Google: Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The search engine rapidly grows in popularity and becomes synonymous with Internet searches.
- 2004: Social Media: Facebook is launched by Mark Zuckerberg and his college roommates. The era of social media begins, with platforms such as YouTube (2005), Twitter (2006), and many others following soon after.
- 2007: iPhone and Mobile Internet: Apple releases the first iPhone, revolutionizing the way people access the Internet and paving the way for the future of mobile browsing.
- 2010s: Cloud Computing and IoT: Internet technology continues to evolve with the rise of cloud computing, which allows for on-demand delivery of computing power, database storage, and applications via the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) also begins to emerge, linking physical devices like home appliances and even vehicles to the Internet.
- Present: Advances in Internet Speed and Infrastructure: Today, we're seeing advances in internet speed and infrastructure, with the roll-out of 5G networks and fibre optics globally. Developments like edge computing and an increasingly interconnected IoT ecosystem are further enhancing the capabilities of the Internet.